The newborn can only see things 8–12 inches in front of her face during her first week. This is the distance between her face and yours while she is nursing. Babies' gazes are usually only held for a few seconds. Therefore, they must rely on other senses to learn about their environment.
By the end of the first month, your baby can see further away and for longer periods of time. She may even be able to see herself in a mirror! Talking with your baby from as early as you can is a great way for her to learn about her world. The sound of your voice helps shape how your baby learns by connecting different sensations together. For example, if you say "ah" when you touch something hot then your baby will learn to fear heat. However, if you say "oh" instead then she will learn that warmth is safe.
Around six weeks old, your baby will start to recognize the faces of family members. By eight weeks old, she should be able to recognize her mother's voice.
By ten to twelve weeks old, your baby will begin to focus intently on certain objects. This means that she is learning what things mean and which ones are safe.
Babies can see objects (and people) from up to 18 inches away when they are two months old. That means you'll still have to approach near, but your baby will be able to view your face while feeding. When you walk near by, she should be able to follow your motions as well. Of course, many things can happen between now and then that could affect her vision.
She won't be able to focus on every single object around her, but she will be able to see much better than a month ago. In other words, she's getting smarter!
Some babies even start crawling at about this age. If she starts moving around more, check for anything she might have been stuck on before hand-she may have found a way to get over it.
Your baby's eyes will continue to develop until she is around 4 months old. At first glance, it seems like she's always looking at something far away. But if you watch her eyes, you'll see them move around quite a bit. This is normal development. It's called "fascination." She's so interested in everything around her that she can't help but look away sometimes.
Her vision will continue to improve after it reaches its peak around four months. Until then she's still learning where to focus her eyes, but once she gets past this stage, things will become clearer and clearer.
The baby's hearing is also improving. She can now respond to voices at a distance of four feet or more.
Besides seeing and hearing, babies also start moving about more at this age. They may roll over for the first time, push up on arms and legs, and open and close their fists.
A baby born at full term (between 37 and 42 weeks' gestation) can crawl at 10 to 12 weeks old and walk at 14 weeks old. By 16 weeks old, he or she should be standing up alone with support only during nursing or bottle-feeding times.
Between the ages of one and three years, children develop many new skills, such as sitting up without support, walking without assistance, and saying some simple words. Children also begin to understand that when you talk to them, you're not actually touching them. Around this same time, children's brains begin to change into an adult version of itself called "the prefrontal cortex." This new brain region helps children make decisions and control themselves so they don't hurt themselves or others.
Children reach their full physical potential between the ages of five and ten years.
Baby's eyes still wander and cross from time to time, making you wonder how far a one-month-old can see. She is now able to see and focus on items that are 8 to 12 inches distant. She like black and white designs as well as those with contrasting hues. Also, watch for signs of interest in objects that are closer up against a dark background.
An infant's vision isn't developed enough to focus on an object that is close up against a bright background. So if your one-month-old child goes blind every time she stares at the sun, don't worry about it. The condition is called solar blindness and most people get it around age 11 or 12 when their pupils aren't large enough to absorb light from both near and far away. As long as your baby is developing normally and doesn't have any other problems, she shouldn't suffer from solar blindness.
Solar blindness is usually discovered during routine eye examinations. The doctor will ask you whether your child has had any problems seeing in low light conditions or in the dark. If she answers yes to either question, he/she will be given glasses or contact lenses to help her see better in dim surroundings.
You should take your infant to an ophthalmologist (eye doctor) as soon as you know that she is going blind. He/she will be able to diagnose solar blindness and give you appropriate advice.