In New York, there were 221,539 live births in 2019. In 2019, the estimated population of women of childbearing age (ages 15–44) in New York was 3,874,787. In 2019, the birth rate in New York was 57.2 per 1,000 women aged 15–44. In 2009, the birth rate was 56.7 deaths per 1,000 women aged 15–44.
The number of babies being born in New York City has been decreasing since 2005 when there were about 230,000 births per year. The decline is due to a change in how families build up their health care coverage that began in 2004 with the implementation of New York's Family Health Insurance Program (FHIP). Under this program, all children living in New York State-licensed childcare facilities can be covered by their parents' insurance plans or individually.
Before 2004, most low-income pregnant women in New York City had no health insurance. So they went to hospital emergency rooms for care because there were no other options. This put a huge burden on our hospitals, which had not been prepared for such high rates of illness among pregnant women. Many hospitals had to shut down certain services or limit the time that they kept patients overnight.
Since 2004, FHIP has allowed nearly one million New Yorkers to obtain coverage for their children. Of these, approximately 700,000 are enrolled in Medicaid and 300,000 are insured through their employers.
New York City,
|Fertility Rate||57.2 (births per 1,000 women 15-44 years of age)|
|Life Expectancy (at Birth)||80.5 years (2018)|
|Marriage Rate||7.2 (marriages per 1,000)|
|Divorce Rate||2.9 (divorces per 1,000)|
|Leading Cause of Death||Heart Disease|
In 2017, the infant mortality rate in New York City was 4.3 deaths per 1,000 live births, a small rise from 2016. (4.1 per 1,000 live births). Because of the limited number of fatalities, the rate varies from year to year. In 2017, the rate for non-Hispanic blacks was 3.3 times that of non-Hispanic whites. In addition, the rate was higher for Hispanics (2.9 per 1,000) and lower for Asians (0.7 per 1,000). The difference by race/ethnicity is similar to that seen in other major cities across the country.
Infant mortality includes deaths before the end of infancy (up to one year old). It is used as a measure of health care quality as well as access to health care because early deaths are likely to be associated with medical problems or deficiencies in care that could have been prevented if adequate treatment had been available.
New York City's infant mortality rate has declined over the past few decades but remains higher than that of most other large cities in the United States. From 2004 to 2007, there were fewer than five hundred infant deaths recorded annually, which is below the threshold usually considered evidence of a healthy population. However many more infants may have died unreported.
During this time period, the proportion of infants who did not survive their first month increased from 16% to 18%, due in part to increases in fetal death and neonatal death rates.
The infant mortality rate in New York City fell to 3.9 newborn deaths per 1,000 live births in 2018, a reduction from 2017. (4.3 per 1,000 live births). The rate has declined for three consecutive years.
The death rate of children under five years old has also decreased, by 2.7 percent from 2016 to 2018. In 2018 there were 4,527 deaths under five years old in New York City, which is about the same as the number recorded in 2008 (4,533).
The life expectancy of New Yorkers increased by one full year between 2017 and 2018, to 75.5 years. This is because the number of people who died during the study period was higher than expected given the age structure of the population; therefore, more people made it to their 70s and 80s than previously thought possible.
Why are there so many deaths among young New Yorkers? They die at much higher rates than older people do. For example, the death rate for children under five years old is 11 times that of adults over 50. This means there are many more deaths among young people than would be expected if they lived like their older peers.
The preliminary number of births in the United States in 2019 was 3,745,540, a 1% decrease from 2018. The overall fertility rate was 58.2 births per 1,000 women aged 15–44, a 2% decrease from the previous year and a new low for the United States. There were significant racial disparities: white women had a fertility rate of 63.3 while black women's rate was 46.7. The national birthrate has declined since 2007, when it was 69.0 births per 1,000 women.
These are provisional data that will be revised once the 2020 annual report is released in April 2021. The final data include all births occurring during the year as well as those reported but not verified by an agency birth certificate file. Changes to reporting methods may affect the numbers shown here as well as future reports. For example, if a woman who wanted to give birth failed to do so within five months of the start of her period, she would be recorded as having delivered a stillborn child in the past year. However, she might have gone into labor before then and given birth successfully. When such cases are included in the statistics, it reduces the number of live births in subsequent months. This phenomenon is known as "retroactive abortion" or "pretectal removal."
A woman has an average of 2.6 children born alive in the United States each day.