If a father's name is not on the birth certificate, he has no legal rights to his kid. The father can, however, engage into a Parental Responsibility Agreement with the mother, which would grant the father the same rights as the mother, or the father can petition to the court for a Parental Responsibility Order.
In most states, it is possible to file an action allowing the father to become involved in the life of his child even if his name is not on the birth certificate. The mother must, however, agree to allow this involvement to take place.
Some states may require that you show proof of paternity before a parental responsibility order can be issued. The best way to prove paternity is through DNA testing. There are several places where you can get your DNA tested, including genetic centers, laboratories, and hospitals. A judge will need to approve any request for a DNA test. If the mother does not want to participate in the case, or if she refuses the DNA test, then the father cannot proceed with the case.
He could still participate in his child's life by contacting the mother when she makes an appointment for her baby check-up at the pediatrician, or by taking her up on offers to help raise the child. The mother may also agree to let him have some role in deciding what kind of name should be given to their child.
Even though the father's name is not on the birth certificate, he is not entirely barred if he has no parenting role. He is still the biological parent and can seek parental rights over a kid by petitioning the court for a parental responsibility order. The court may issue an order requiring the father to contribute financially toward the child's support and award him custody of the child or allow him visitation rights.
If the father wants to be named on the birth certificate he can do so by filing a paternity affidavit with the local clerk's office. If you are unable to pay for a private attorney, the court may appoint a lawyer to represent you.
The best time to file a paternity action is within two years of the child's birth. However, if you wait too long to file, there may not be enough evidence of paternity left in the blood sample tests that can be done during this early stage of litigation.
It is important to remember that just because you aren't married doesn't mean you aren't a father. Paternity can be established through available records such as those from hospitals where the mother gave birth, genetic testing performed at doctors' offices, and state agencies like Texas Child Support Services (TCSS). A man can also petition to establish paternity if the mother won't sign an affidavit of paternity.
One parent travels to register the birth with a legal document (such as a court order) granting the father parental responsibility. If the mother and kid are not married or in a civil partnership, she might choose to record the birth without the child's father. The father's name will not appear on the birth certificate. He can apply for a new birth certificate at any time with proof of paternity.
If the father is alive but not granted custody, he can still register the birth. However, if he tries to claim financial support or health insurance, the mother can refuse him access to the records. She can also refuse to answer questions about the pregnancy or childbirth if it causes her emotional pain.
In some states, it is possible for the father to show that he has established a paternal relationship with the child; for example, by receiving an ultrasound photo of the baby or having genetic testing performed. In other states, such as California, this requires a blood test. If the father cannot be found, an affidavit of paternity may be signed by the mother's husband or another responsible party. This does not legally establish paternity but is sufficient to allow the father to participate in the child's life.
When the mother dies, the father may want to register the birth in her memory. But unless he uses DNA testing to prove his paternity, he will not be able to get a new birth certificate with the mother's name on it.
Alternatively, even if the person named on the birth certificate is not the real father and the court rules that they are legally liable, this person will be accountable for all of the aforementioned rights.
The specifics of these processes differ from state to state. If the court agrees, the mother can have the father's name removed. She may need to leave it blank or take further efforts to include the biological father on the certificate. When making these modifications, the mother has the option of changing the child's last name on the birth certificate.
When the father's name and signature are added to the birth certificate, he gains all of the rights and obligations that any legal guardian has, including access to the kid, the right to make legal choices concerning the child's upbringing, and financial responsibility for the child's care. He cannot lose these rights by acting contrary to his interests as a parent.
The father may have had some role in the mothering process but neither the law nor social custom grants him parental rights over the child after the birth. He can file an action in court to show he is a putative father or assert his rights by serving her with a notice of intent to claim paternity. If she has not already done so, the mother must include the father's name on the birth certificate within 14 days of the birth or else he will be deemed not to be the child's father.
He might also be able to establish paternity if the mother has never married or divorced the father, they are in a committed relationship, and he provides evidence of his possible paternity such as a DNA test result. In this case, the mother would then be required to add his name to the birth certificate.
Father's rights activists claim that denying fathers their due process rights leads to unnecessary infant deaths and the removal of children from their parents' care. But research shows that most infants who die suddenly or under mysterious circumstances have no known medical problems before they collapse.