The "crude birth rate," according to the source, is the number of live births that occur during the year per 1,000 people calculated at midyear. Afghanistan's crude birth rate in 2018 was 32.49 live births per 1,000 people. This is low by most measures; however, it is higher than both China (26.55) and India (19). The World Health Organization estimates that only 52% of women will have received some form of contraception in 2018, which means that 8 out of every 10 pregnancies are expected to be unplanned.
There are several factors that may explain why the birth rate is so high in Afghanistan despite many efforts to promote contraceptive use. Women in rural areas depend on farmers for work and often lack access to education, which prevents them from finding other jobs. In cities, where more educated women tend to have better employment opportunities, this problem is less severe. Religious objections also play a role: many Afghans believe that abortion is wrong even when the woman's life is at risk. Although this practice is not common, studies show that it does happen quite frequently. Abortion can also be obtained on request at certain certified medical facilities. Illegal abortions are common but difficult to estimate because statistics are not available.
The low level of contraceptive use contributes to high rates of fertility and mortality among children. There are large differences between regions in terms of maternal health.
There are 33 births per thousand persons. In 2020, Afghanistan's crude birth rate will be 33 births per thousand people, a decline of 16 births per thousand women over the previous two decades. The birth rate fell from 52 births per thousand people in 1990 to 17 births per thousand people in 2000 and then began a steady decline to reach 33 births per thousand people in 2020.
Women in Afghanistan have very high rates of mortality before age 35. This means that only one in four women who reach adulthood will live until they can bear children. The main causes of death for girls under age 20 are traffic accidents, violence, and disease. For women aged 20 to 24, common causes of death include cancer, heart disease, and respiratory diseases. Women older than 40 die mainly from complications during or after childbirth.
The life expectancy for men is 49 years old. It was 45 years old in 1990. Currently, there are three deaths per 1000 people. Cancer is the leading cause of death for both males and females. High rates of smoking and alcohol consumption add to the risk of developing cancer.
Only half of all Afghan children are vaccinated against measles, tuberculosis, and diphtheria. Vaccination campaigns have greatly reduced the number of babies dying from these easily preventable diseases.
Afghanistan's demographics In 2016, the birth rate was 38.3 births per 1,000 people. In 2016, the mortality rate was 13.7 fatalities per 1,000 inhabitants. * Male life expectancy is 63.3 years * Life expectancy is 63.2 years (2019)
These statistics are relatively young compared with other countries in the region and around the world. However there has been significant improvement since 2006, when life expectancy was at its lowest point (57.8 years). This rise is mainly due to reductions in infant mortality and air pollution deaths.
Infant mortality is still high in Afghanistan at 6 deaths per 1000 live births. This is higher than most countries in the Middle East and North Africa region and among the highest in Asia (Southeast Asia not included in this estimate). There are several factors that may be responsible for these high rates including poor access to health care and nutrition. Many infants die before they reach age five because of diseases that can be prevented by immunizations or antibiotics if they are used early enough after symptoms appear. Others die from easily preventable causes such as infections transmitted through contaminated needles or burns from open fires.
Air pollution is another major cause of death in Afghanistan. Outdoor cooking using open fires releases toxic gases that can lead to heart disease and cancer. Indoor heating using coal or wood smoke produces similar effects.
Every 1,000 people, there are 27.84 live births. Pakistan's crude birth rate in 2019 was 27.84 live births per 1,000 persons. This is higher than the global average of 9.7 births per woman or an estimated 70 million adults on the planet today who were born after 1995.
This means that there are more deaths than births. The death rate is 3.44 per 1000 people. This means that there are three out of every 100 people who die before they reach age 60. This percentage has been increasing since 1990 when it was 3%.
These figures are from the World Bank database. They include both sexes up to a maximum age of 120. Data for countries with high infant mortality rates like Pakistan is available only up to age 105. After age 105, estimates are made using extrapolation methods. In other words, the authors estimate what would have happened if people lived longer than they actually do.
In this case, they used statistics on life expectancy to calculate what would have happened if people had maintained the same birth and death rates as in earlier years but lived until age 120. Then, they divided the number of people aged 105 and older by the number of people aged 25 and younger. This provides an estimate of the total population at age 105.
There are 60.3 fatalities per thousand live births. Afghanistan's under-5 mortality rate in 2019 was 60.3 deaths per thousand live births. Afghanistan's under-5 mortality rate decreased between 1970 and 2019, decreasing from 300.3 deaths per thousand live births in 1970 to 60.3 deaths per thousand live births in 2019. The under-5 mortality rate was highest in 1970 (300.3 deaths per thousand live births), followed by 2001 (219.0 deaths per thousand live births) and then again in 2019 (60.3 deaths per thousand live births).
The under-5 mortality rate is the number of deaths before the age of 5 years divided by the number of living infants at birth x 100,000. An infant is defined as a baby born after 37 weeks' gestation or who weighs more than 500 grams (1 pound). A child is defined as anyone born after 28 days' gestation; the under-5 mortality rate includes deaths among babies who are alive but premature or small for their ages.
Data on children's mortality come from health surveys that measure how many people die before they reach their fifth birthday. Information on fertility rates comes from national population censuses and household surveys. These sources provide data on all of Afghanistan but do not include information on mortality or fertility rates inside households or villages.
Healthy lives are lived far from war, violence, and poverty.