Today, just approximately 1.3 percent of births take place outside of hospitals, a figure that has been rising since 2004. There is no such thing as a bad setting, as long as the people who will be around you support your wish to go natural and the space has plenty of square footage. Natural childbirth can be done anywhere with an adequate supply of beds and blankets.
Almost all women will have at least one painful experience during their childbearing years, but for those who want to reduce the likelihood that they will require pain medication, it may be in their best interest to consider a natural birth. The decision to give birth naturally should not be based on fear or ignorance, but rather on a desire to meet your body's needs in a setting that feels right to you. As well, there are many benefits to be had by choosing a natural childbirth, including: reduced risk of infection, lower rates of cesareans, fewer complications for mother and baby, less need for medical intervention, and much more.
The most common types of natural births are spontaneous labor and vaginal delivery after 39 weeks of pregnancy. In fact, among mothers who give birth vaginally, almost 80% have a spontaneous birth. This number drops significantly-to under 50%--for mothers who need a cesarean section because their babies were diagnosed with a problem with their heart or brain function during labor.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), out-of-hospital births accounted for 1.4 percent of all births (more than 56,000) in 2013. (the most recent data available). Home births accounted for 64.4 percent (36,080), while freestanding birth facilities accounted for 30.2 percent. This is the highest rate of home births in the United States since home births were first reported in 1989. The number of home births has increased each year since 2005 when there were about 3,500 home births.
Before the 1980s, out-of-hospital births accounted for a small proportion of all U.S. births (about 5% in 1969). At that time, hospitals began to provide birthing rooms which stimulated more women to give birth at home. As more hospitals improved their birthing facilities by adding showers, changing beds, or moving patients to less stressful areas, more women felt comfortable giving birth in these settings. At present, almost every large hospital in the country has a formal level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Many have special units designed specifically for families with low-risk pregnancies. These units usually have physical features such as private rooms, tubs, and showers that are similar to those in a regular maternity ward.
Almost half of all U.S. babies are born outside of a hospital room. Although this practice makes sense among low-risk mothers who prefer a home environment for childbirth, many studies have shown that safe births in hospitals increase the chances of successful outcomes for mother and child.
The great majority (98.4 percent) of women in the United States give birth in hospitals, with 0.99 percent giving birth at home and 0.52 percent giving birth in freestanding birth centers (MacDorman and Declercq, 2019; see Chapter 1).
In 2017, there were only 638 birth centers in America, which averages out to about one per million Americans. That's less than one in 10,000 babies! Most states have no more than five or six birth centers, which isn't enough to serve as a safety net for mothers who need it.
Even though most American babies are born in hospitals, this does not mean that hospital care is better for everyone. Some studies have shown that childbirth in a hospital with few resources can be dangerous for moms and babies. Other studies have shown that mothers prefer a home environment for giving birth.
In conclusion, nearly all American babies are born in a hospital. This doesn't mean that hospital care is better for everyone.
In 2018, the following are the most important birth statistics data for the United States. 3,791,712 babies were born. The birth rate is 11.6 per 1,000 people. Fertility rate: 59.1 births per 1000 women between the ages of 15 and 44. Prenatal care began in the first trimester in 77.5 percent of cases. Preterm births (births that occur before 37 weeks of gestation) account for 10.02 percent of all births. Cesarean delivery accounts for 31.9 percent of all births.
At the moment, just 3% of women give birth at home. A further 7% use midwife-led units, which are modest centers that are aimed to give a more homelike setting than hospitals. Senior health officials have warned that the current system is "neither acceptable nor sustainable."
Historically, most women gave birth at home, with no access to emergency medical treatment. The "natural" rate of maternal death, defined as the absence of surgical or pharmacological intervention, has been estimated to be 1,500 per 100,000 births. However many studies have shown that this figure is likely to be much lower than it appears, since many more deaths go unreported.
In developed countries, most women now give birth in hospitals, where management of labor and delivery is focused on preventing morbidity for mother and child. Hospital care typically includes monitoring of blood pressure, heart rate, and fetal status during labor and delivery. A physician will usually be present during the entire labor and delivery process, including the initial appointment, physical examinations, lab tests, and interventions as needed. Although most women will receive some form of analgesia (pain medication) during labor, there is still considerable debate about the effectiveness and safety of various methods for relieving pain during labor.
Women's choices regarding how to give birth affect their chances of experiencing a safe pregnancy and birth. In addition to medical factors such as gestational age at delivery and number of pregnancies, women's preferences may also influence the likelihood of a hospital or home birth. Factors such as cost, availability of support people, and location are all considered when making a choice between home and hospital birth.