Before birth, your baby requires roughly 40 weeks to grow and develop in the womb. Premature infants are those born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Premature newborns might suffer from major health issues both at birth and later in life. The earlier an infant is born, the more likely it is to have problems with its lungs, heart, brain, and other organs.
It is very rare for a woman to give birth to a child who is extremely premature. Most babies born too early are boys. This may be because male fetuses reach certain developmental milestones earlier than females. But there could be other factors involved as well. The younger the mother is when she gets pregnant, the more likely it is that her body will respond by producing more hormones, which can cause some physical changes that may not be desirable for the baby.
Not all women who carry their babies to term will experience labor. For these women, preterm labor occurs before the 39th week of pregnancy. With most pregnancies, the fetus grows and develops inside of the mother's uterus until it reaches full term. But sometimes this growth process goes wrong. A baby can be born too early if the umbilical cord stops blood flow to or from the fetus, or if the head fails to properly form or grow during gestation.
Premature babies need to be cared for by someone who knows how to handle such fragile individuals.
Preterm or premature birth is defined as a baby born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Premature infants are those that are born before their due date. Infants born between 37 and 38 weeks and 6 days are referred to as "37-37" babies. Those born at 39 weeks or later are called "full term" babies.
The rate of preterm births has remained largely unchanged since 1990, with about 12% of babies born in the United States today weighing less than 5 pounds, 10 ounces and 19 inches long.
However, there are differences in the rates of preterm birth across racial/ethnic groups in America. For example, African American babies are 1.5 times more likely than white babies to be born prematurely. Also, Hispanic babies are 1.4 times more likely than non-Hispanic babies to be born prematurely.
Women who want to reduce their risk of having a preterm baby should try not to smoke or use drugs during pregnancy, get enough rest and healthy food, and avoid stressful situations as much as possible. A doctor will be able to tell you if you are at risk of having a preterm baby. Your partner, family members, and friends can also help by providing support when you need it and staying informed about your pregnancy.
Premature babies often require special care in the hospital after they leave the womb.
A typical pregnancy lasts around 40 weeks. Babies that are born before 37 weeks of pregnancy are referred to as "preterm" or "premature." Babies born before the 28th week of pregnancy are classified as extremely preterm. The sooner a kid is born, the less probable it is that he or she will survive. Almost all babies born before the 28th week of gestation will die without medical intervention.
The survival rate for very low-birth-weight children (under 1,500 grams) has increased over time. In 1990, only 15% of such infants were alive at one year of age. By 2006, this had improved to 45%. For low-birth-weight children (under 2,500 grams), the survival rate was 88% in 1990 and 2007, respectively.
Prematurity is the number one cause of death in children under five years old. It accounts for about 13% of all deaths in this population group.
Children who do survive are at risk for many long-term problems. They are more likely to have physical disabilities, learning difficulties, and emotional problems. Many studies have shown that their chances of dying during infancy or childhood are significantly higher than that of a baby born at full term.
About 30% of preemies require some form of respiratory support when they arrive in the hospital. This includes oxygen therapy through a mask or tube inserted into the nose or mouth, mechanical ventilation, and use of aerosol medications.
A premature or preterm baby is one that is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Infants born at 23 to 28 weeks are considered very premature. Infants born between 29 and 33 weeks are considered moderately premature. Late preterm babies are born between the ages of 34 and 37 weeks. Early term babies are born between 38 and 39 weeks, while normal term babies are born between 40 and 42 weeks.
The main risk factor for having a prematurely born child is going into labor early. Other factors include having low weight gain during pregnancy, being black or Hispanic, not eating enough fruits and vegetables, using alcohol or drugs during pregnancy, having a history of having a prematurely born child, and having diabetes or high blood pressure. The chance of having a prematurely born child decreases as age increases. The most common reason for having a preterm baby is having the baby before 37 weeks gestation. About 75% of all preemies survive beyond infancy.
Preemies often need special care in the hospital after they are born. They may be given oxygen through a mask or tube, medication to help their breathing, and nutrition via a vein or stomach tube. Some preemies can eat and drink on their own after birth but they usually need support with moving around, breathing, and crying. Parents are also encouraged to provide love and attention to their preemie throughout puberty since this will help develop healthy brain cells.
Infants delivered prematurely are often not considered viable until after 24 weeks of gestation. This implies that if you have a kid before they reach the age of 24 weeks, their odds of survival are generally less than 50%. Some infants are delivered before the 24th week of pregnancy and survive. But because these babies were born so early, their organs weren't fully developed when they arrived in the world. So most of them don't live more than a few days after birth.
The exact date that a baby can be considered viable is based on scientific developments related to fetal growth. The medical community usually considers a fetus to be viable from about 12 weeks into pregnancy. Before that time, many small children are still born. After this point, more and more babies survive.
The earlier a fetus is aborted, the less mature its organs will be. This is why some people claim that an abortion right after 9 months can reduce your risk of getting sick later in life. Of course, this only applies if the embryo or fetus was not damaged by the abortion procedure itself. If it was, there's no way for it to protect you from future illnesses.
The truth is we just don't know how any child born today will turn out as a person tomorrow. We all have different genetics and different exposures during childhood and adolescence. Some kids are smart, some are strong, and some are beautiful.
Premature babies are those born before 37 weeks, and postmature babies are those born beyond 42 weeks. (This is also known as a delayed or late pregnancy.) Approximately 60% of women will give birth on or before their due date. Of those that don't, about 10% will go into premature labor, and another 10% will deliver postmaturely. This means that only around 20% of pregnancies will experience complications early in the game to cause delivery off schedule.
Most women can delay childbirth for several months after pregnancy confirmation, depending on their age. For example, a woman who is just over 30 years old could expect to give birth around month 5 after finding out she's pregnant, while someone who is 40 years old might be able to wait until around month 12. The earlier a woman has children, the more time she will have to delay birth. The older she is, the less time she will have.
However, it's important to remember that once you reach your due date, there's not much else you can do to change it. If you don't give birth by then, you'll need to make a choice between having a baby now or not at all. If you choose not to have any more children, this may cause your partner to feel left out as you continue to grow older.