The kid might be your son, daughter, stepchild, suitable foster child, brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, stepsister, adopted child, or any of their descendants. Are they of the required age? Your kid must be under the age of 19 or, if enrolled full-time, under the age of 24. If there's no one in your family who can claim you as a dependent, you should report all of your income from work.
Your kid could also be a former dependent who was still being claimed on someone else's tax return when you decided to file your own tax return. In this case, they need to meet the requirements of both you and your former spouse or partner. You can't claim more than one dependent in order to reduce your tax bill.
You must also provide evidence that you meet the residency requirement to be able to claim your kid as a dependent. If you move away for work, you can't claim dependency unless you show that you've moved back into a dwelling you owned before you left or that you're living with an adult who owns such a dwelling. If you rent an apartment, you'll have to prove that you are unable to find another place to live and cannot stay with your relative.
If you fail to provide evidence that you meet the residency or age requirement, then you cannot claim your kid as a dependent. This means that you will have to pay additional taxes if you had not already filed your tax return.
A qualifying child can be your biological child, stepchild, foster child, sibling, step-sibling, half-sibling, or descendant of one of the aforementioned relatives. The child also needs to be under the age of 19 (or under the age of 24 if a full-time student).
A non-qualifying relative is any other person who lives with you and who is not related to you by blood. This could include grandparents, grandchildren, uncles, aunts, cousins, nieces, nephews, people you live with but are not married to such as friends or colleagues, or anyone else who lives in your home.
If your parent(s) die before you reach the age of 18, you may still be able to claim Dependency Exemption Credits if you met the requirements while you were alive but were not yet 18. These credits can only be claimed once. When they reach the age of 18, they will no longer be eligible to do so.
It must be your biological kid, stepchild, foster child, sibling, or half-sibling (or a descendant of one of those). The kid must be under the age of 19 and younger than you (or your spouse), under the age of 24, a student and younger than you, or completely and permanently crippled. You cannot claim any adult child as a dependent unless they qualify as your dependent for tax purposes this year.
In addition to the people listed above, you can also claim your spouse if he or she is alive and lives with you. Your spouse can't file his or her own tax return, but he or she can sign a tax form that releases your marital status so you can be claimed as a dependent together.
You may be able to claim your unmarried partner as a dependent if he or she meets several conditions. First, he or she must have been your "domestic partner" (which means you lived together in one house as married people do) and still live with you. Second, he or she must have contributed over 50% of your gross income for the previous year. Third, he or she must not have a wife or husband who could claim him or her as a dependent. And finally, he or she cannot be an employee of yours; instead, they must be independently wealthy or otherwise not liable for taxes.
As long as it's before April 15, you can always include someone new on your tax return as a dependent.