Zambia was named after the Mighty Zambezi River, which originates in the Ikelengi highlands of Mwinilunga area. On October 24, 1964, a memorial was dedicated near the Zambezi source. This is when Britain and Belgium granted independence to their former colonies of Northern Rhodesia and Congo (now known as Zambia and Congo, respectively). The name "Zambia" comes from the names of these two countries added together.
In addition to being the name of a country, it is also the name of an ancient kingdom that once covered parts of modern-day Tanzania, Malawi, and Zimbabwe. The kingdom's existence was between about AD 1000 and 1450, so it was very young when Britain and Belgium gave independence to their former colony.
The Kingdom of Zambia was founded as a result of a treaty signed on September 21, 1891, by Chief Chitalu of the Lozi people and Sir Harry Johnston, then Governor of Southern Rhodesia. In this treaty, Chief Chitalu agreed to send his children to be educated at missionary schools in exchange for British protection against other tribes that were trying to invade his territory. The children were taught English, and some of them later became leaders in the new nation. One of these was Kenneth Kaunda, who became president of Zambia from 1964 until 1991.
Zambia's new name was taken from the Zambezi River (Zambezi may mean "grand river"). It is a nickname of Zambia because its people are Zambian and it was formed after the country became independent in 1964. The origin of the name "Zambia" dates back to before European colonization - the kingdom of Zambia was one of many states that made up modern-day Tanzania.
The word "Zambia" has two different origins. One is the kingdom of Zambia, which was part of modern-day Tanzania. The other is a nickname of the people living there; they're called Zambians. The name "Zambia" dates back to before European colonization - the kingdom of Zambia was one of many states that made up modern-day Tanzania. The name "Zambia" originated as a description of the people who lived there; it means "humanity" or "whiteness".
The name Zambezi is derived from the Lunda phrase "Nzambi enzi," which translates as "God Come." As a consequence, Zambia translates as "Land of God." Zambia, congratulations on your 54th birthday! Zambia was treated unfairly by its inept authorities. Which river is the source of the bulk of its cursed leaders? The answer may surprise you.
The Zambezi flows for 3,500 miles through nine countries from the South African border to the Indian Ocean. It is one of the world's largest rivers. In fact, it is equal in size to about two-thirds of the Nile River.
Its source is in the highlands of Mozambique and Zimbabwe. There are three main tributaries: the Lubombo, the Mweru-may-maye, and the Nyika. Each year they carry more water than the Amazon or Mississippi Rivers.
From its source in southern Africa to the Indian Ocean, the Zambezi River passes through some of the most beautiful scenery in the world. From a distance, its brown-black waters flow between steep green banks lined with lush vegetation. Close up, you can see that the river is full of fish.
During times of drought, millions of birds flock to the river to drink and find food. These include storks, herons, and egrets.
Zambia was known as Northern Rhodesia before to independence. The British South Africa Company's flag was the first to be flown in 1890. The Union Flag had been defiled with a circular disk featuring a lion holding a tusk and the initials B.S.A.C. in reference to its founder, Cecil Rhodes.
The appearance of a lion on England's flag is probably due to the presence of the Royal Family of Britain. The royal family has always enjoyed the protection of the Lion Rampant since it was used by King Edward I to seal treaties with other countries. The rampant or standing lion is still used today by members of the royal family to indicate that they are willing to vouch for any treaty obligations that may have been breached.
The presence of a lion on the flags of both Britain and Zambia indicates that these two nations have maintained strong relationships over the years. In fact, when Zambia became independent in 1964, it agreed to maintain ties with its former colonial ruler, Britain. These agreements include financial support and a role for British officials in Zambia's government.
Lions have appeared on various flags throughout history. The Lion Rampant was originally used by the kings of England to seal treaties with other countries. It also appears on some coins and stamps.
There are several theories about how the red color of blood comes from a lion's head.
According to legend, Lusaka was the location of a hamlet called for its Chief, Lusaka, which was located at Manda Hill, near where Zambia's National Assembly building currently sits. The town was named after the chief.
However, the origin of the name is more prosaic. The city was founded by British settlers from London as a resort town and the name Lusaka comes from the English word "saltwater." These settlers came to what was then known as Northern Rhodesia to work on the railway. The first batch of 79 people left England in 1876 and the town was then known as Victoria Falls.
In 1890, when the southern section of the railway was completed, it became clear that this was not going to be a permanent settlement and so a new town about 15 miles away was planned and built. This new town was named after the government office that was responsible for the area, the Central Office. It was here that most of the other administrative buildings were located along with the main market place and church. Salt was needed for the railway and so another reason for the name "Lusaka" was given: "saltwater" town.
The original village was made up of white men, women, and children.
It was enacted on October 24, 1964, the day after the country gained independence. Previously, Zambia was a British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia, and its flag was a defaced Blue Ensign. The new national flag is a vertical red strip with a white star on a blue background.
The new national anthem was also adopted at this time. "Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika" (God Bless Africa) is based on a traditional song that has been used in many African countries as a celebration song. It was written by South African poet laureate Kenneth Kaunda and first sung at a public function in Lusaka on 10 December 1963.
Zambia's coat of arms was also approved that same year. It shows a shield divided into two parts: on the left is a representation of Lusaka, the capital; on the right is a representation of rural Zambia. The colors are gold and black, which are also the flags of Zimbabwe and Malawi, respectively.
In addition to being president of Zambia from 1964 to 1991, Kenneth Kaunda also served as foreign minister from 1979 to 1984 and prime minister from 1984 to 1994. He then went on to become one of Africa's most prominent politicians after leaving office.