Howard Unwin Moffat, one of their sons, became Premier of Southern Rhodesia in 1927. Nada Burnham (1894–1896), the famed American explorer Frederick Russell Burnham's daughter, was the first white child born in Bulawayo and died of sickness and famine during the Second Matabele War's Siege of Bulawayo. Her death caused her father to leave Africa for good.
Burnham is noted for being the first white baby born in Zimbabwe. However, this distinction is often attributed to another daughter of Frederick Russell Burnham named Alice who was also born in Bulawayo but survived the siege.
Alice Burnham later married an Englishman named Charles Manners-Sutton and moved to England where she had more children. She died in a car accident at the age of 44 along with several other people including her husband and son Howard Moffat who were killed too.
Bulawayo is now one of Zimbabwe's largest cities and the capital of the southern province. It was formerly known as Victoria Falls before becoming part of Zimbabwe in 1980.
Since independence in 1980, South Africa has been accused by many countries of trying to keep power in Zimbabwe by supporting former president Robert Mugabe's political party. In response, South Africa has said it will not interfere in Zimbabwean affairs.
Zimbabwe is a country located in Southeastern Africa between 22 and 26 degrees south of the equator.
Antonio and Isabella, two of the Africans who arrived aboard the White Lion, became "servants" of Captain William Tucker, commander of Point Comfort. Their son, William, is the first known African kid to be born in America, and he was born a freeman under the law of the time. The Tuckers were the only family in the colony who could have been his parents.
After the death of Captain Tucker, his wife married Thomas Freeman, another slave trader, and they had more children. She then married a third white man and had more kids with him. She never freed any of her children, so they all grew up white and had no idea they were slaves until they were grown up. This is how slavery hide in the dark corners of America for so long.
In 1662, the last remaining member of the Tucker family died, and the sons inherited their master's property. The boys did not free their slaves, but instead sold them down the river to South Carolina. Slavery spread across the country using this method: A group of people are enslaved; then their owner dies or goes back home; then another owner takes them. This went on for many years until 1740 when South Carolina passed a law requiring anyone acquiring an enslaved person to free them. This is when things started changing for the better in America for the black people.
Now back to Antonio and Isabella.
Those born in Northern Rhodesia would have been considered British Protected Persons (BPP). If the new Zambian constitution had conferred nationality, this status would have been lost. If not, BPP status would have been kept, which can be elevated to full British nationality in specific situations. There are currently about 1,200 people in Northern Rhodesia who could potentially benefit from BPP status.
In fact, some of those who were born in Northern Rhodesia did get citizenship after independence. But many others who were living in Zambia at the time didn't. The government's decision not to grant citizenship to these people was probably because they didn't want to burden a young country with old debts.
The main reason why so many BPPs didn't get citizenship was because there was no system in place to identify who was entitled to it. When the colonial government made its first attempt at creating a national identity card in 1908, only four out of every 100 residents aged over 14 years had been found eligible for one.
About 70,000 people were believed to be born in Northern Rhodesia between 1919 and 1960, but only 1,600 applied for citizenship. This shows that although citizenship was offered to them, most BPPs didn't take up this offer because they didn't see the need for it.
Ruby became the first African American kid to attend the all-white public William Frantz Elementary School on November 14, 1960, at the age of six. Federal marshals brought Ruby and her mother to the school. They had fled their home state of Mississippi to avoid being forced to sit in segregated schools under the federal court order desegregating Alabama's schools.
Ruby was born in Gulfport, Mississippi, to Mattie Lou Pearl Buck and Henry Lee Buck. Her father was a truck driver and her mother worked as a maid and cook. When Ruby was two years old, the family moved to Bessemer, Alabama, where her father found work at a steel plant. They lived in an integrated neighborhood, but Ruby's parents wanted her to have a better life than they could give her so they decided to move to East Lake Park, where there were more opportunities for blacks. The family rented a house from Mr. and Mrs. John Stevens, who had three children of their own. They allowed Ruby to join them even though she was only 6 years old. This is how she started going to school every day.
The integration program was called "Sailor Jack" after the leader of the movement against segregation in Alabama schools.
1960 Ruby became the first African American kid to attend the all-white public William Frantz Elementary School on November 14, 1960, at the age of six. The incident made front-page news across the country.
Ruby was born in Washington, D.C., on January 11, 1958. She was the only child of civil rights activist Frances Rucker Barnes and attorney John H. Richardson III. Her father was secretary-treasurer of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). He had become famous when he led a group of young activists into the basement of the South Carolina State House to protest segregation there. The group included future U.S. Senator James Eastland.
After her parents' death in an automobile crash near their home in Montgomery, Alabama, on February 4, 1960, young Ruby was taken into the care of her uncle Ira E. Brooks, who was assistant director of the NAACP's national office. The family lived in Brookline, Massachusetts.
William Frantz Elementary School was one of four integrated schools established in Boston during the fall of 1960 by the city's Board of Education. The others were Roxbury Community Center, South Boston Community Center, and Woodland Park Community Center. All were located in predominantly white neighborhoods.